regenerative cannabis

Regenerative Cannabis Farming

Providing information, inspiration and recognition of regenerative farming practices to the cannabis community and beyond.

Regenerative Cannabis Farming

Providing information, inspiration and recognition of regenerative farming practices to the cannabis community and beyond.

The 2020 Farm Award closes on March 15th!

This is your final chance to be recognized as Oregon’s best!

Congratulations Organic Medicinals!

Organic Medicinals is the 2019 Regenerative Cannabis Farm Award winner at the Emerald Cup!

Honoring Spencer Hodgson

The regenerative farming family sends love and peace to Spencer and his family.

“You have all eternity through which to live in various forms.”

What is regenerative agriculture? We asked these farmers.

What is a Regenerative Cannabis Farm?

A Regenerative Cannabis Farm cultivates medicine under the sun, in native soil with biology. It works beyond the boundaries of the cultivation site. It integrates the surrounding environment and community into the systems that build soil, restore habitat, protect water quality and encourage mutualistic relationships. It breeds resilience and collaboration. It celebrates diversity in its soil, plants and people. It values quality over quantity. It works year-round with the seasons. It is bioregional and heterogeneous. And it is guided by principles and ethics.

In a word, a Regenerative Cannabis Farm regenerates.

Providing information, inspiration and recognition of regenerative farming practices to the cannabis community and beyond.

Can Cannabis Support Regenerative Agriculture?

The cannabis industry is going big, and so is its pollution potential. Just like any other crop, large-scale cannabis cultivation has an impact on the environment. Regenerative agriculture might be the natural answer to the need for more sustainable cannabis products. Read on to learn how your cannabis grow can be regenerative too.

Together with fossil fuels, agriculture and industrial farming are the greatest cause of climate change. The impact of agriculture on the environment will be a hot topic for years, and since cannabis processing is growing fast and going global, this industry must take its share of the responsibility.


Researchers analysed the impact of large-scale cannabis growing in northern California, finding soils and ecosystems in the region to be seriously damaged by extensive cultivation. Cannabis farming requires a generous amount of water, which can contribute to droughts, while its waste water pouring into soil and rivers is often polluted with some sort of residual chemicals.

Moreover, the volatile compounds that produce cannabis’ aroma can dangerously increase ozone levels surrounding a big plantation. Finally, the carbon footprint from grow room and greenhouse energy usage is a relevant issue too.

Even if it was possible, splitting large cultivations into thousands of home businesses would not solve the problem. What every grower, big or small, should aim for is a localised and customised practice of sustainable agriculture. And further ahead, regenerative agriculture.


Improving biodiversity is at the centre of regenerative agriculture. Local variations on regenerative agricultural practices have been around for centuries. Retrieving and evolving these practices means planning “closed-loop” operations that are able to restore the natural features of air, water, soil, and their ecosystems, plus providing decent yields with each harvest.

Regenerative agriculture goes a step further than sustainable agriculture with its healing effect on the environment, which could also improve crop quality. Easier said than done, of course.

Nevertheless, just to make an example, industrial hemp is, by nature, able to sequester toxic substances from polluted soils and regenerate them into arable land over time. Hemp’s large canopy also prevents the growth of bad weeds, and its stems have hundreds of eco-friendly applications.

Regardless of the crop, regenerative agriculture might mitigate farming impact on the environment. However, whether it’s because it might be economically inefficient or for other reasons, regenerative practices aren’t so popular even among organic farmers.


Growing cannabis in an environmentally sustainable way is not easy, particularly in high-yield commercial systems. Moreover, a large part of today’s cannabis is grown indoors, whether for efficiency or legal requirements.

Is it possible for cannabis farmers to modify their growing processes in order to protect local soil, water, and ecosystems? Does it make sense for the home grower to change proven habits to follow a few environmentally friendly gardening practices?

Converting a regular cannabis grow into a regenerative one takes some effort. Setting up a brand-new regenerative operation takes even more effort. However, regenerative agriculture brings some advantages that might be properly monetised. Here are the main benefits for consumers of regenerative agriculture cannabis derivatives:

• Enhanced flavour of products
• Higher amount of beneficial compounds
• No chemical residues
• New strains and locally adapted genetic lines

These are the potential benefits of regenerative agriculture for growers, citizens, and everybody else:

• Helps restore ecosystems and natural soil balance
• Naturally prevents or reduces pests
• Reduces water consumption
• Reduces power consumption
• Eliminates chemical fertilisers and pesticides


Both the commercial grower and the home grower would do well to stop using fertilisers and wasteful watering practices. No one is innocent, we know that! But then again, we can minimise our garden’s impact on the Earth by adopting some of the following regenerative techniques:

Minimise artificial light. Reduce the use of grow lamps and follow the sun’s natural cycle. Set up energy-efficient greenhouses instead of grow boxes.

Rainwater collection systems send water directly to the roots. Utilise drip irrigation to deliver water to precise locations and reduce the amount used.

Crop rotation, companion planting, and biodiversity can help control pests and activate synergies. Only natural pesticides are allowed.

Use no-till farming, on-site composting, and bokashi as primary sources of nutrients.

Mulching and cover crops keep ecosystems alive during the off-season, suppressing bad weed growth, enriching the soil, preventing soil erosion or hardening, and providing habitats for beneficial organisms.

Worm farming. Enrich the soil with vermiculture to establish a synergistic network of bacteria and other organisms. Farm animals also produce nutrient-rich manure.

That’s not all you can try. You can also read our articles on how to grow organic cannabis and how to make homemade compost. And, you can even create your own landraces! By working with cannabis plants in your unique regenerating environment, you can produce genetically unique strains native to their farms. Will these “regenerative genetics” be the top-shelf outdoor strains of the near future?


Even if the cannabis industry is just a small piece of the big agricultural cake, on a local scale, every grower can make small changes to reduce their impact on the environment.

Small steps towards a more sustainable cannabis economy have been taken here and there around the world. In California, a new prize was established to award cannabis growers applying regenerative agriculture techniques: the Regenerative Cannabis Farm Award. Even more important, people are starting to ask where their cannabis comes from, and how it’s grown.

More and more organic cannabis growers are entering the scene, while millions of people already grow their own cannabis at home in a sustainable way. The cannabis and hemp industry should adopt regenerative growing practices where possible, thus having a positive impact both on people and the environment. Leading by example, the cannabis industry can garner even more legitimacy for the plant.

What is regenerative agriculture? Can we apply these techniques to cannabis cultivation? Click to find out how regenerative agriculture could save the planet. ]]>


should you tell your doctor you smoke pot

Your anesthesiologist needs to know if you smoke pot

When Colorado legalized marijuana, it became a pioneer in creating new policies to deal with the drug.

Now the state’s surgeons, nurses, and anesthesiologists are becoming pioneers of a different sort in understanding what weed may do to patients who go under the knife.

Their observations and initial research show that marijuana use may affect patients’ responses to anesthesia on the operating table — and, depending on the patient’s history of using the drug, either help or hinder their symptoms afterward in the recovery room.

Colorado makes for an interesting laboratory. Since the state legalized marijuana for medicine in 2000 and allowed for its recreational sale in 2014, more Coloradans are using it — and they may also be more willing to tell their doctors about it.

Roughly 17% of Coloradans said they used marijuana in the previous 30 days in 2017, according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, more than double the 8% who reported doing so in 2006. By comparison, just 9% of U.S. residents said they used marijuana in 2017.

“It has been destigmatized here in Colorado,” said Dr. Andrew Monte, an associate professor of emergency medicine and medical toxicology at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and UCHealth. “We’re ahead of the game in terms of our ability to talk to patients about it. We’re also ahead of the game in identifying complications associated with use.”

One small study of Colorado patients published in May found marijuana users required more than triple the amount of one common sedation medicine, propofol, as did nonusers.

Those findings and anecdotal reports are prompting additional questions from the study’s author, Dr. Mark Twardowski, and others in the state’s medical field: If pot users indeed need more anesthesia, are there increased risks for breathing problems during minor procedures? Are there higher costs with the use of more medication, if a second or third bottle of anesthesia must be routinely opened? And what does regular cannabis use mean for recovery post-surgery?

But much is still unknown about marijuana’s impact on patients because it remains illegal on the federal level, making studies difficult to fund or undertake.

It’s even difficult to quantify how many of the estimated 800,000 to 1 million anesthesia procedures that are performed in Colorado each year involve marijuana users, according to Dr. Joy Hawkins, a professor of anesthesiology at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and president of the Colorado Society of Anesthesiologists. The Colorado Hospital Association said it doesn’t track anesthesia needs or costs specific to marijuana users.

As more states legalize cannabis to varying degrees, discussions about the drug are happening elsewhere, too. On a national level, the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists recently updated its clinical guidelines to highlight potential risks for and needs of marijuana users. American Society of Anesthesiologists spokeswoman Theresa Hill said that the use of marijuana in managing pain is a topic under discussion but that more research is needed. This year, it endorsed a federal bill calling for fewer regulatory barriers on marijuana research.

Why should patients disclose marijuana use?

No matter where patients live, though, many nurses and doctors from around the country agree: Patients should disclose marijuana use before any surgery or procedure. Linda Stone, a certified registered nurse anesthetist in Raleigh, N.C., acknowledged that patients in states where marijuana is illegal might be more hesitant.

“We really don’t want patients to feel like there’s stigma. They really do need to divulge that information,” Stone said. “We are just trying to make sure that we provide the safest care.”

In Colorado, Hawkins said, anesthesiologists have noticed that patients who use marijuana are more tolerant of some common anesthesia drugs, such as propofol, which helps people fall asleep during general anesthesia or stay relaxed during conscious “twilight” sedation. But higher doses can increase potentially serious side effects such as low blood pressure and depressed heart function.

Limited airway flow is another issue for people who smoke marijuana. “It acts very much like cigarettes, so it makes your airway irritated,” she said.

To be sure, anesthesia must be adjusted to accommodate patients of all sorts, apart from cannabis use. Anesthesiologists are prepared to adapt and make procedures safe for all patients, Hawkins said. And in some emergency surgeries, patients might not be in a position to disclose their cannabis use ahead of time.

Even when they do, a big challenge for medical professionals is gauging the amounts of marijuana consumed, as the potency varies widely from one joint to the next or when ingested through marijuana edibles. And levels of THC, the chemical with psychoactive effects in marijuana, have been increasing in the past few decades.

“For marijuana, it’s a bit of the Wild West,” Hawkins said. “We just don’t know what’s in these products that they’re using.”

Marijuana’s effects on pain after surgery

Colorado health providers are also observing how marijuana changes patients’ symptoms after they leave the operating suite — particularly relevant amid the ongoing opioid epidemic.

“We’ve been hearing reports about patients using cannabis, instead of opioids, to treat their postoperative pain,” said Dr. Mark Steven Wallace, chair of the pain medicine division in the anesthesiology department at the University of California-San Diego, in a state that also has legalized marijuana. “I have a lot of patients who say they prefer it.”

Matthew Sheahan, 25, of Denver, said he used marijuana to relieve pain after the removal of his wisdom teeth four years ago. After surgery, he smoked marijuana rather than using the ibuprofen prescribed but didn’t disclose this to his doctor because pot was illegal in Ohio, where he had the procedure. He said his doctor told him his swelling was greatly reduced. “I didn’t experience the pain that I thought I would,” Sheahan said.

In a study underway, Wallace is working with patients who’ve recently had surgery for joint replacement to see whether marijuana can be used to treat pain and reduce the need for opioids.

But this may be a Catch-22 for regular marijuana users. They reported feeling greater pain and consumed more opioids in the hospital after vehicle crash injuries compared with nonusers, according to a study published last year in the journal Patient Safety in Surgery.

“The hypothesis is that chronic marijuana users develop a tolerance to pain medications, and since they do not receive marijuana while in the hospital, they require a higher replacement dose of opioids,” said Dr. David Bar-Or, who directs trauma research at Swedish Medical Center in Englewood, Colo., and several other hospitals in Colorado, Texas, Missouri and Kansas. He is studying a synthetic form of THC called dronabinol as a potential substitute for opioids in the hospital.

Again, much more research is needed.

“We know very little about marijuana because we’ve not been allowed to study it in the way we study any other drug,” Hawkins said. “We’re all wishing we had a little more data to rely on.”

When Colorado legalized marijuana, it became a pioneer in creating new policies to deal with the drug.

How to Talk to Your Doctor About Cannabis Use

Have you had a bad experience disclosing cannabis use to a doctor? Did a doctor’s attitude toward cannabis impact the quality of care you received? You’re not alone.

Unfortunately, a prevailing stigma, lack of exposure to current marijuana research , and confusion about the legality of discussing cannabis with patients are still barriers within the medical community that keep doctors from treating their cannabis-using patients accurately and fairly.

One thing medical and non-medical cannabis users have in common with the rest of the world is that all need access to medical care. So what is a cannabis user to do?

To answer this question, Weedmaps News spoke with two experts on the subject. Dr. Bonni Goldstein is a Medical Director of Canna-Centers, a medical marijuana evaluation service in Lawndale, California, and a medical adviser to Weedmaps. Ted Chan is the CEO of CareDash , a fast-growing healthcare review website.

Both Goldstein and Chan have consulted with thousands of patients, many of whom report a variety of poor experiences disclosing cannabis use to doctors. Based on their respective years of research, and field experience in the subject, here are some key words of advice to keep in mind when talking to your doctor about weed.

Be Transparent (and Prepare for a Negative Response)

The first thing both adult users and medical cannabis patients should realize when disclosing to a physician is that they’re likely to be met with either prejudice, ignorance, or both.

Goldstein has seen thousands of medical cannabis patients, many of whom have reported frustrating conversations with their doctors about using cannabis as medicine.

“Unfortunately, most doctors know nothing about cannabis as medicine or about the endocannabinoid system (ECS). There is no formal education about these topics in the majority of medical school or residency programs.” Goldstein said. “Only about 9% of medical schools even mention cannabis as medicine in their curriculum. And the reality is that we as doctors are taught that cannabis is a drug of abuse.”

Goldstein added that those who disclose non-medical cannabis use to doctors are likely to be lectured or even diagnosed with cannabis use disorder , a clinical impairment of control over cannabis use despite harmful or adverse effects.

Even with these systemic biases within the medical community, it’s ultimately better to err on the side of full disclosure with a physician.

For all of marijuana’s potentially therapeutic properties, there are risks involved in mixing it with other medications . lists 612 drugs that interact with cannabis, 129 of which have major interactions. Recent findings suggest that cannabis users need more than twice the usual amount of anesthesia before undergoing endoscopic surgery. It’s also possible to be allergic to cannabis , and experience symptoms typical of other food, skin, or airborne allergies. The more your doctors know, the better chance they have of giving you proper care.

That’s why Chan recommends being completely transparent about your patterns of cannabis use. “If you use a little, say that,” Chan said. “If it’s daily, recreational, or to manage a specific symptom, don’t be afraid to say it.”

According to Chan, full transparency is not only a way to increase your chances of getting the medical care you need, but also a quicker route to finding out the doctor’s attitude toward cannabis. Just be prepared to find out you know more than your doctor about cannabis and how it affects your body.

Be Proactive in Gauging Your Doctor’s Reaction

Since most doctors you’re likely to encounter either know nothing or have a professional bias against cannabis, it’s important to be proactive and gauge how your doctor responds when you disclose cannabis use.

As CEO of CareDash, Chan has read thousands of reviews of doctors made by their patients, and talks to many patients personally. He considers patient advocacy a central role at CareDash. There’s no shortage of reviews on the site describing incidents where a patient was either misdiagnosed or denied the care they needed based on physicians’ bias against cannabis as a drug of abuse.

“ We have 160,000 reviews on the site, and I’d say about 100 involve negative experiences around marijuana impacting patient experience,” Chan said.

In states where medical cannabis is legal, CareDash reviewers have described incidents where doctors seem convinced that the patient is trying to scam them for a medical marijuana recommendation. Reviewers often express surprise that their physician seemed to have no working knowledge of medical cannabis research.

A New York patient reported seeing a neurologist who immediately dismissed her for “ seeking medical marijuana ” after the woman expressed a desire to use cannabidiol (CBD) oil for her foot neuropathy instead of a pharmaceutical prescription. A patient in Nebraska who went to an emergency room with the flu reported being misdiagnosed as having a rare disease the doctor claimed was from smoking too much marijuana. According to the patient, the visit was during flu season, and the doctor refused to test the patient for the flu, and made the diagnosis only after the patient had disclosed cannabis use to the nurse.

If your doctor has an overtly negative reaction when you tell them you use cannabis, Chan recommends seeking a second opinion.

You may also encounter a physician who seems reluctant to even address the subject of cannabis use when you disclose. According to Goldstein, most physicians don’t know they are free to discuss medical cannabis with their patients. Many think that because it is federally illegal, they can get in trouble for speaking to patients about it.

“In 2002, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals held that the federal government could not punish or threaten to punish a doctor for telling a patient that his or her use of medical marijuana use is proper,” Goldstein noted. “The relationship between physician and patient is special and protected, so physicians have free speech as long as they tell the truth about the science. No physician has been punished federally due to this protection.”

Ask Your Doctor How They Feel About Cannabis

If you find an appropriate time to do so, Goldstein recommends that medical patients ask their doctor how they feel about cannabis as medicine.

“I tell patients who are nervous about bringing up medical cannabis use with their physician to first ask ‘What do you think about the use of medical cannabis for . (Insert ailment)?’ This way you are not sharing info that you may not be ready to share and you are feeling out the physician’s attitude toward cannabis.”

If You Have a Good Relationship with Your Doctor, Consider Sharing Medical Information

If you find your physician negative or dismissing of medical cannabis, Dr. Goldstein recommends following up via email or in person with a scientific article or two about medical cannabis for the ailment in question, or about the ECS.

“Everyone says there is not enough research [about medical cannabis] and this is true, but there is lots of research on medical cannabis for the more common ailments. And it can be accessed easily on the internet through Google Scholar or PubMed,” Goldstein said. “Giving your physicians published research in a non-threatening way is a good way to start the conversation.”

According to Chan, an overwhelming majority of doctors are quite averse to accepting medical research from patients. So if you’re going to try sharing cannabis information with your doctor, it might be best to wait until you’ve established an amicable relationship with them. Both Chan and Goldstein highly recommend elevating the conversation with technical and scientific terms (saying “cannabis” instead of “weed,” for example). If you’re a medical cannabis patient, refer to cannabis as medicine and emphasize how it helps you.

Don’t Be Afraid to Switch Doctors

According to Chan, there’s a growing pool of weed-friendly doctors who understand the science and respect medical and responsible adult use of cannabis. Though they may still be few and far between, Chan says their ranks are growing, and cannabis users should seek them out when possible.

“Patients have a choice. It is their right to have a primary care physician who is understanding and supportive of their lifestyle choices,” Chan said. “It is in the interest of both the doctor and the patient to be aligned.

“I view it as more of a dating situation. As you might be on a date that doesn’t work out,” Chan continued, “be friendly, but don’t be afraid to shop around the next time you need a checkup and find a physician who is more aligned with your choice to use marijuana.”

If one is available in your area, Goldstein recommends seeing a cannabis specialist in addition to your doctor visits. “ If you are asking your physician for medical cannabis advice, you will likely be disappointed as, again, most don’t know anything. Seeing a cannabis specialist is likely going to be much more beneficial if you are looking for specific advice about cannabinoids , product, and dosing .”

How to Talk to Your Doctor About Cannabis Use Have you had a bad experience disclosing cannabis use to a doctor? Did a doctor’s attitude toward cannabis impact the quality of care you received? ]]>


panama red cannabis

Panama Red


  • Energetic
  • Focused
  • Happy
  • Hungry
  • Talkative
  • Dizzy
  • Dry Eyes
  • Dry Mouth
  • Headache

Pairs Well With

  • Arts & Crafts
  • Housework
  • Eating
  • Going Out
  • Social Events

About this Sativa Strain

Panama Red is a classic, 100% sativa cannabis strain, being popular within the ‘60’s. Its deep green buds display fiery red pistils throughout. It emits a smell and produces a taste that is both reminiscent of herbal tea and/or wood, with undertones of fresh soil.

Panama Red is a landrace strain, being named after the country it was first bred within.

The THC level of Panama Red averages at 10% with some crops reaping in at 16%. Though it doesn’t have the highest THC levels out there, it’s renowned for its classic sativa effects of boosting energy, inducing creativity, and uplifting the spirits as all negativity leaves both the body and mind. This strain has been known to help with stomach issues and increase appetite as well. Panama Red is a great strain for both novice and veteran consumers alike.

Negative effects of Panama Red include headache, anxiousness, and dizziness when too much is consumed at once.

Growers should note Panama Red takes up to eleven weeks to fully flower. Because of its long cultivation time, its popularity from the 60’s slowly decreased with time, being replaced with faster growing strains that are more profitable.



Hytiva is providing real-time dispensary menus and facilitating online ordering of medical & recreational cannabis through partnerships with local dispensaries everywhere.

Panama Red is a classic, 100% sativa cannabis strain, being popular within the ‘60’s. Its deep green buds display fiery red pistils throughout. It emits a smell and produces a taste that is both reminiscent of herbal tea and/or wood, with undertones of fresh soil. Panama Red is a landrace…

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waikiki queen strain

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Waikiki Queen

Taste & Smell

  • Earthy
  • Fruity
  • Sour


  • Calm
  • Focused
  • Tingly

Pairs Well With

  • Arts & Crafts
  • Housework
  • Watching TV/Movies

About this Hybrid Strain

Waikiki Queens cured nuggets are easily identifiable by their shape. They resemble thin blue spruce pine trees, being long and conical with light hues of blue interwoven with light greens and yellow pistils.

When trying it, you’ll notice why it’s named Waikiki Queen. Its aroma is like tropical citrus fruits and pineapple mixed with fresh earth, and its taste has been described as similar to sipping on a pineapple milkshake.

Those that have tried Waikiki Queen often say they have enjoyed its potential to help ease depression, headaches, stress, anxiety, and even pain. It is reputed to be relaxing for both mind and body as it suppresses racing thoughts and relaxes tense or sore muscles. Consumers also enjoy how Waikiki Queen has kept their mind focused and functional while maintaining a state of bliss.

Waikiki Queen stems from crossing the strain Hawaii with White Queen. Dominate terpenes are caryophyllene, limonene, and myrcene. Its THC levels can span between the low and mid-20’s.

Waikiki Queens cured nuggets are easily identifiable by their shape. They resemble thin blue spruce pine trees, being long and conical with light hues of blue interwoven with light greens and yellow pistils. When trying it, you’ll notice why it’s named Waikiki Queen. Its aroma is like… ]]>


sativa makes you sleepy

Sativa vs. Indica: What to Expect Across Cannabis Types and Strains

Things to consider

The two main types of cannabis, sativa and indica, are used for a number of medicinal and recreational purposes.

Sativas are known for their “head high,” an invigorating, energizing effect that can help reduce anxiety or stress and increase creativity and focus.

Indicas are typically associated with full-body effects, such as increasing deep relaxation and reducing insomnia.

Although research examining these effects is limited, it appears these plants have more in common than previously thought.

In other words, the category, or type, of cannabis may not be the greatest indicator of the effects you’ll experience.

Here’s how to find the right plant for your needs, strains to consider, potential side effects, and more.

What should you look for to understand strain effects?

The often-applied rule of thumb is that sativas are more invigorating and energizing, while indicas are more relaxing and calming — but it isn’t really that simple.

Individual plants produce varying effects, even among the same type of cannabis. It all depends on the plant’s chemical composition and the growing technique used.

Instead of looking at the type alone — sativa or indica — look at the description the grower and dispensary provide.

Oftentimes, the plant types are broken down into specific strains, or breeds.

Strains are distinguished by their individual cannabinoid and terpene content. These compounds are what determine the strain’s overall effects.


Cannabis plants contain dozens of chemical compounds called cannabinoids.

These naturally occurring components are responsible for producing many of the effects — both negative and positive — of cannabis use.

Researchers still don’t understand what all of the cannabinoids do, but they have identified two main ones — tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) — as well as several less common compounds.

  • THC. THC is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis plants. It’s responsible for the “high” or state of euphoria associated with cannabis use. Levels of THC have been increasing as growers try to create hybrids with a greater concentration of the compound.
  • CBD. CBD is non-psychoactive. It doesn’t cause a “high.” However, it may produce many physical benefits, such as reducing pain and nausea, preventing seizures, and easing migraine.
  • CBN. Cannabinol (CBN) is used to ease symptoms and side effects of neurological conditions, including epilepsy, seizures, and uncontrollable muscle stiffness.
  • THCA. Tetrahydrocannabinol acid (THCA) is similar to THC, but it doesn’t cause any psychoactive effects. Its potential benefits include reducing inflammation from arthritis and autoimmune diseases. It may also help reduce symptoms of neurological conditions like Parkinson’s disease and ALS.
  • CBG. Cannabigerol (CBG) is thought to help reduce anxiety and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression.


A great deal of attention is paid to the amount of THC and CBD in a given strain, but newer research suggests that terpenes may be just as impactful.

Terpenes are another naturally occurring compound in the cannabis plant.

The terpenes present directly affect the plant’s smell. They may also influence the effects produced by specific strains.

According to Leafly, common terpenes include:

  • Bisabolol. With notes of chamomile and tea tree oil, the terpene bisabolol is thought to reduce inflammation and irritation. It may also have microbial and pain-reducing effects.
  • Caryophyllene. The peppery, spicy molecule may reduce anxiety, ease symptoms of depression, and improve ulcers.
  • Linalool. Linalool is said to help improve relaxation and boost mood with its floral notes.
  • Myrcene. The most common terpene, this earthy, herbal molecule may help reduce anxiety and insomnia so you can sleep better.
  • Ocimene. This terpene produces notes of basil, mango, and parsley. Its primary effects may include easing congestion and warding off viruses and bacteria.
  • Pinene. As the name suggests, this terpene produces an intense pine aroma. It may help boost memory, reduce pain, and ease some of the not-so-pleasant symptoms of THC, such as nausea and coordination problems.
  • Terpinolene. Cannabis with this compound may smell like apples, cumin, and conifers. It may have sedative, antibacterial, and antifungal properties.
  • Limonene. Bright, zippy citrus notes come from this terpene. It’s said to improve mood and reduce stress.
  • Humulene. This terpene is deeply earthy and woody, like hops or cloves. Cannabis strains with this molecule may reduce inflammation.
  • Eucalyptol. With notes of eucalyptus and tea tree oil, this molecule is refreshing and invigorating. It may also reduce inflammation and fight bacteria.

Sativa in-depth

  • Origin:Cannabis sativa is found primarily in hot, dry climates with long sunny days. These include Africa, Central America, Southeast Asia, and western portions of Asia.
  • Plant description: Sativa plants are tall and thin with finger-like leaves. They can grow taller than 12 feet, and they take longer to mature than some other types of cannabis.
  • Typical CBD to THC ratio: Sativa often has lower doses of CBD and higher doses of THC.
  • Commonly associated effects of use: Sativa often produces a “mind high,” or an energizing, anxiety-reducing effect. If you use sativa-dominant strains, you may feel productive and creative, not relaxed and lethargic.
  • Daytime or nighttime use: Because of its stimulating impact, you can use sativa in the daytime.
  • Popular strains: Three popular sativa strains are Acapulco Gold, Panama Red, and Durban Poison.

Indica in-depth

  • Origin:Cannabis indica is native to Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, and Turkey. The plants have adapted to the often harsh, dry, and turbulent climate of the Hindu Kush mountains.
  • Plant description: Indica plants are short and stocky with bushy greenery and chunky leaves that grow wide and broad. They grow faster than sativa, and each plant produces more buds.
  • Typical CBD to THC ratio: Indica strains often have higher levels of CBD and less THC.
  • Commonly associated effects of use: Indica is sought after for its intensely relaxing effects. It may also reduce nausea and pain and increase appetite.
  • Daytime or nighttime use: Because of its deep relaxation effects, indica is better consumed at night.
  • Popular strains: Three popular indica strains are Hindu Kush, Afghan Kush, and Granddaddy Purple.

Hybrid in-depth

Each year, cannabis growers produce new and unique strains from different combinations of parent plants. These cannabis hybrids are often grown to target specific effects.

  • Origin: Hybrids are typically grown on farms or greenhouses from a combination of sativa and indica strains.
  • Plant description: The appearance of hybrid strains depends on the combination of the parent plants.
  • Typical CBD to THC ratio: Many hybrid cannabis plants are grown in order to increase the THC percentage, but each type has a unique ratio of the two cannabinoids.
  • Commonly associated effects of use: Farmers and producers select hybrids for their unique impacts. They can range from reducing anxiety and stress to easing symptoms of chemotherapy or radiation.
  • Daytime or nighttime use: This depends on the predominant effects of the hybrid.
  • Popular strains: Hybrids are typically classified as indica-dominant (or indica-dom), sativa-dominant (sativa-dom), or balanced. Popular hybrids include Pineapple Express, Trainwreck, and Blue Dream.

Ruderalis in-depth

A third type of cannabis, Cannabis ruderalis, also exists. However, it isn’t widely used because it usually doesn’t produce any potent effects.

  • Origin: Ruderalis plants adapt to extreme environments, such as Eastern Europe, Himalayan regions of India, Siberia, and Russia. These plants grow quickly, which is ideal for the cold, low-sunlight environments of these places.
  • Plant description: These small, bushy plants rarely grow taller than 12 inches, but they grow rapidly. One can go from seed to harvest in little more than a month.
  • Typical CBD to THC ratio: This strain typically has little THC and higher amounts of CBD, but it may not be enough to produce any effects.
  • Commonly associated effects of use: Because of its low potency, ruderalis isn’t routinely used for medicinal or recreational purposes.
  • Daytime or nighttime use: This cannabis plant produces very few effects, so it can be used at any time.
  • Popular strains: On its own, ruderalis isn’t a popular cannabis option. However, cannabis farmers may breed ruderalis with other cannabis types, including sativa and indica. The plant’s rapid growth cycle is a positive attribute for producers, so they may want to combine more potent strains with ruderalis strains to create a more desirable product.

Potential side effects and risks

Although cannabis use is often associated with potential benefits, it can also produce unwanted side effects.

  • dry mouth
  • dry eyes
  • dizziness
  • anxiety
  • paranoia
  • lethargy
  • increased heart rate
  • decreased blood pressure

Most of these effects are associated with THC, not CBD or other cannabinoids. However, any cannabis product can produce side effects.

The method of use may increase your risk for side effects, too.

For example, smoking or vaping cannabis can irritate your lungs and airways. This may lead to coughing and respiratory problems.

Oral cannabis preparations, such as gummies or cookies, are less likely to affect your overall respiratory health.

However, the effects are felt more slowly and typically aren’t as strong.

Sativa and indica are the two main types of cannabis plants. The often-applied rule of thumb is that sativas are more invigorating and energizing, while indicas are more relaxing and calming — but this is an immense oversimplification. Here's how to find the right plant for your needs, strains to consider, and more.


Updated on January 25, 2019. Medical content reviewed by Dr. Joseph Rosado, MD, M.B.A, Chief Medical Officer

Why Does Marijuana Make You Tired

As a medical marijuana patient, you may deal with frequent drowsiness due to your medication. Or, perhaps you want to try cannabis medicine, but you worry it will make you too tired to function. Either way, you want to know everything you can about cannabis and tiredness so you can medicate yourself in the best way possible. While marijuana can cause drowsiness, there are of ways to manage it. We’ll give you the low-down.

About Medical Marijuana Side Effects

Just like any other medication, weed can cause unwanted side effects. But, due to its versatility, medical marijuana has some side effects that certain patients consider a benefit. For instance, some folks want marijuana to make them tired so they can get a good night’s rest. Other possibly beneficial side effects include increased appetite and reduced saliva production.

Other side effects generally don’t help patients, but they tend to be mild and easy to handle. These include giddiness, anxiety and memory issues.

Overall, the positive effects of medicinal cannabis are typically worth the potential side effects. Marijuana has low potential for addiction, many ingestion methods and the ability to tackle a lot of symptoms at once.

How Does Cannabis Make You Sleepy?

To understand how marijuana causes tiredness, we have to delve a bit into the chemistry behind it. Cannabis contains numerous components called cannabinoids. When we talk about cannabinoids, we usually look at the two most prevalent ones in the marijuana plant: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

While THC causes the “high” we associate with cannabis, CBD does not. In large doses, THC can make you tired after you feel the initial high. It communicates with the receptors in your body and brain related to your sleep/wake cycle. As it interacts with those receptors, it causes a feeling of sleepiness.

Scientists also think a compound called myrcene contributes to weed’s ability to sedate you. Some studies suggest that myrcene has a sedative effect and relaxes the muscles. It also seems it can enhance the effects of THC, making its sedative effect stronger.

Which Kinds of Cannabis Medicine Can Make Me Tired?

Just about any kind of marijuana product can make you feel sleepy, but some are more likely to do so than others.

The biggest defining factor for sedation is the type of marijuana strain used in the product. Indica strains have a higher chance of making you drowsy than the other type of strain, sativa.

Also, medications that affect the entire body or brain tend to cause sleepiness more than other ones. These include edibles and patches.

Managing Marijuana-Related Drowsiness

If you don’t use marijuana medicine as a sleep aid, you have many options for managing the drowsiness. Patients who deal with sleepiness from weed medication usually don’t have to discontinue their treatment once they figure out how to handle it.

The best way to manage cannabis sedation is simply to pick a strain that doesn’t make you tired. As opposed to indica strains, sativa strains boost your energy levels. If you don’t want that extra lift, you can choose a hybrid strain that balances the effects of sativa and indica strains.

In the case that you must use a medication that causes sleepiness, you can try taking it before your bedtime. You can sleep off the drowsiness. If you can’t take your medication before bed, take the same precautions that you would with any drug that causes sleepiness. Don’t operate anything that can cause harm like a car or heavy machinery.

Marijuana-related drowsiness mostly only impacts your short-term ability to perform tasks. As long as you manage it effectively, you don’t have to worry about its impact after you finish taking cannabis medicine. Patients shouldn’t worry about this side-effect having a long-term effect on their life.

Learn About Cannabis’ Perks

As you can see, marijuana-related exhaustion is nothing to worry about. Check out the benefits of medical marijuana that make up for this side effect, and talk to a doctor who knows about cannabis for more information.

Learn why some cannabis users experience drowsiness as a side effect and how to combat side effects to get the most out of your cannabis. ]]>


hemp oil in spanish

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Online Language Dictionaries

hemp oil

WordReference English- Spanish Dictionary © 2020:

Principal Translations
Inglés Español
hemp oil,
hempseed oil,
hemp seed oil
n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
(oil from hemp seeds) aceite de cáñamo nm + loc adj
Is something important missing? Report an error or suggest an improvement.

Forum discussions with the word(s) “hemp oil” in the title:

hemp oil – Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions ]]>


jack frost seeds


breed by Goldenseed

Here you can find all info about Jackfrost from Goldenseed. If you are searching for information about Jackfrost from Goldenseed, check out our Basic Infos, Lineage / Genealogy, Hybrids / Crossbreeds or Videos for this cannabis variety here at this page and follow the links to get even more information. If you have any personal experiences with growing or consuming this cannabis variety, please use the upload links to add them to the database!

Basic / Breeders Info

Jackfrost is an indica/sativa variety from Goldenseed and can be cultivated indoors and outdoors . Goldenseeds Jackfrost is a THC dominant variety and is/was also available as feminized seeds.

Goldenseeds Jackfrost Description

GoldenSeed`s “Jack Frost” has been painstakingly developed over the last five years, using only the best of each crop for breeding in order to constantly improve the potency, appearance and aroma of this unique strain. Jack Herrer, White Widow and Northern Lights#5, direct from the Sensiseed shop in Amsterdam, have been progressively bred in before introducing a wild, personally collected Rainbow Kashmiri to the mix which is now in it`s third year of exclusive inbreeding, Jackfrost pollen hand brushed onto Jackfrost females, to make them reliable. No other strain delivers surface resin in the kind of quantity she does, enough to harvest charas from if you have the skill, and we`re talking about charas better than most made in the Himalayas, as you`ll be ultra careful in its harvest, not something common over there. From my personal experience of spending most of the 70s in Kashmir, India, and Nepal learning about charas, as well as Pakistan and Afghanistan where I learned about hashish, I`m confident that Jackfrost is finer than anything I`ve ever seen, and I guarantee you won`t have grown, or seen anything better. All challenges are welcome, in the form of seed, I`m always interested in `Pushing the envelope!`
Thc content 22.6%

Jackfrost breed by Goldenseed Here you can find all info about Jackfrost from Goldenseed . If you are searching for information about Jackfrost from Goldenseed, check out our Basic Infos,

All Star Jack Frost seeds

Buy All Star Jack Frost seeds online with Seedsbay. Here you will find detailed information on the All Star Jack Frost cannabis seeds, from specifications and reviews to flavors and effects. We have listed every seedshop where you can buy All Star Jack Frost seeds along their offers. Compare prices on All Star Jack Frost seeds and get the best deal for yourself!

Unfortunatly, there are no offers available to buy All Star Jack Frost seeds. Do you know a seedshop selling All Star Jack Frost seeds? Send us a message and we will add the offer as soon as possible.

Unfortunatly, there are no offers available to buy All Star Jack Frost seeds. Do you know a seedshop selling All Star Jack Frost seeds? Send us a message and we will add the offer as soon as possible.

All Star Jack Frost specifications

Read the All Star Jack Frost seed specifications in the table below. The values may vary between the different seedbanks where you can buy All Star Jack Frost seeds.

Variety 35% Indica and 65% Sativa
THC level 18.5%
CBD Level Low

About All Star Jack Frost seeds

The All Star Jack Frost strain is a hybrid strain both sativa as indica with a level of 18.5 percent THC. This strain has CBD levels which are pretty low. All Star Jack Frost is also known as Asj abbreviated and the proportions are 35% indica and 65% sativa. All Star Jack Frost will grow into a fine marijuana plant with a great yield. Growing All Star Jack Frost seeds is fun and with the right info anyone can cultivate this cannabis plant, the All Star Jack Frost has an average flowering time.

There is no seedbank selling All Star Jack Frost seeds, as soon as we know a shop which are selling All Star Jack Frost seeds, we will post it here.

All Star Jack Frost reviews

Read what other people has to say about All Star Jack Frost seeds.

Most helpfull

Colton from Austria

Two hits on the pipe and my neuropathy pain eased up. Feels like a good way to unwind. Two thumbs up.

Most recent

Read all reviews on All Star Jack Frost seeds, or write your own!

All Star Jack Frost related cannabis seeds

These seeds are related and similar to the All Star Jack Frost seeds.

Want to buy All Star Jack Frost seeds? Here you find offers from different seedshops. Find the best sale at Seedsbay before you buy All Star Jack Frost seeds online. ]]>


how much weed do you smoke a day

How Many Grams a Week Do You Smoke?

Cannabis is the most widely used “illicit” substance in the world, and that was true even before the wave of legalization took the United States and the international community by storm. But because cannabis has been prohibited for so long, there are a lot of questions about what “normal” cannabis behavior looks like. Of chief concern is quantity—how much weed are people smoking?

A Very Unscientific Answer

To get a general idea of how many grams people smoke a day, I gathered the responses from forum boards on,,, and about how much these forum contributors smoked a day. I included responses that could be calculated in grams. Comments measuring cannabis in bowls, joints, spliffs, or the very specific quantity, “all day, every day,” weren’t included in these numbers.

Based on the forum responses, it seems like most people consume a gram or less a day. In total, I recorded the responses from 131 people, and here’s what I found:

  • 51.9% said they smoked a gram or less
  • 21.4% said they smoked about 2 grams
  • 10.7% said they smoked about 3 grams
  • 9.9% said they smoked about 4 grams
  • 2.3% said they smoked about 5 grams a day
  • 3.8% said they smoked more than 5 grams a day—one of those respondents said he smoked ten grams a day.

This wasn’t a super scientific survey. For one, there is no way to verify the authenticity of the claims made on forums. The contributors are anonymous and even in their responses, they admitted that the numbers they were sharing were estimates. Most importantly, the amount people smoke a day depends on a host of variables that often weren’t mentioned in the forum’s comments.

It’s hard to say what’s typical—or “normal”—because people smoke in different ways and for different reasons. Here are some of the factors that contribute to how much pot a person consumes in a day.

“Typical” Varies

Inhalation method plays a significant role in the amount of cannabis consumed. Vaporizers are extremely efficient ways to inhale cannabis because they heat flower or oil at a much lower temperature than combustion methods do. That translates into less cannabis burned away before the pipe hits the lips. Though some ardently disagree, most smokers believe that joints are the worst option when trying to conserve because they burn at an extremely high temperature. That means a lot of weed is wasted to combustion. A rolled gram is not the same thing as a vaporized gram. The bottom line is that the way you inhale makes a difference.

Another important variable to consider is the purpose of the smoke. Consuming for recreation versus for medication is going to make a big difference in terms of daily consumption. Patients medicating chronic pain are probably going to consume at least a couple of grams a day. Patients who are medicating anxiety may smoke only before they know they are going to encounter a trigger. Or they may smoke all the time to avoid that altogether. Some people only smoke socially, while others enjoy life most when they are high.

The cost of cannabis consumption is one of its most limiting factors. People who grow their own pot are likely going to smoke more of it because it is far more economical for them. Those who choose to purchase their weed are looking at an average of about $10 per gram and about $300 per ounce. A significant portion of the forum posters made it clear that they would smoke a lot more if they could afford it.

Age and history of cannabis consumption are factors that contribute to daily intake quantities as well. Smokers who have made cannabis a part of their lifestyle for years are more likely to smoke larger quantities than those who have just started. At the same time, younger smokers may be more willing to risk larger amounts in one session than older consumers who may have more responsibilities than their younger counterparts and are consequently trying to avoid couchlock.

Is There Such a Thing as Too Much?

The more pot your smoke and the more frequently, the greater a tolerance your body will build to its effects. People who said they smoked more than three grams a day also tended to have a smoking relationship that spanned multiple decades while self-described novice smokers seemed totally content with a fraction of a gram. But outside of becoming more tolerant to the effects of THC, are there risks associated with smoking large quantities of pot on a frequent basis?

Cannabis is a psychoactive substance, and there are always risks involved when imbibing, no matter how great or small the quantity. That is especially true for certain people, especially given the paucity of evidence surrounding the consequences of their cannabis use. There is some evidence suggesting that cannabis use during adolescence could have a negative effect on brain development. Additionally, the effects of cannabis on a fetus during pregnancy or on breastfeeding infants aren’t known. That doesn’t mean that they would definitively be bad, especially in comparison to synthetic medications given to alleviate morning sickness, post-partum depression, or any ailment requiring opioids during or after pregnancy. It just means that cannabis consumption comes with a risk, and if you don’t have to take it, it might be a good idea not to.

Beyond these considerations, the answer to how much cannabis is “too much” depends. It’s a lot like food consumption. There is not a standard amount of calories and nutrients for human consumption. A sustainable and healthy diet is wholly contingent upon activity levels in the day, height, sex, metabolism, health, physical goals, and an array of conditions no blanket diet can cover. If you are using cannabis to medicate a debilitating condition, the severity of any risks of long-term consumption may pale in comparison to living with the disease without cannabis. At the same time, if the amount you consume gets in the way of your relationships, work, and/or financial obligations, you may want to take a closer look at your relationship with Mary.

Cannabis has an array of therapeutic benefits and plays a significant role in improving the well-being of those who consume it. But as with anything, respecting boundaries that align with the limits of your emotional and physical health are an essential component of consuming cannabis responsibly.

There are a lot of questions about what “normal” cannabis behavior looks like. Of chief concern is quantity—how much weed are people smoking?

How Much Weed Does It Take To Get High?

If you’re a first-time smoker, beginner, or just haven’t smoked in a while (weed has changed since the 70s) you may not be sure exactly how much weed you need to get high. Truth is, each person is different so it’s hard to give a really concrete answer that works for everyone. I’m going to break down the question as best as possible, but I need your help. If you’ve smoked before let everyone in the comments know how much it takes you to get high. As always, I encourage using fake names and email address for comments.

For the purpose of this article, I am going to refer to amounts for only one person. If you are consuming cannabis in a group these numbers will obviously change.

Before we start talking actual number I want to go over the 3 main factors that are going to influence the amount of weed you’re going to need. Once we get that out of the way I’ll give you some real numbers to work with.

Factors that Influence How Much it Takes to Get High

Potency – The potency of the weed is going to have a huge impact. High-grade cannabis could be 30% or more THC while lower grade could have less than 10%. Of course, most the weed on the market will fall between these two numbers. Unless it has been tested in a lab there is no way to know the true amount of THC.

Physiological Traits – Weight and overall size usually come into play when determining how much weed you need. Other biological influencers include metabolism, cannabinoid receptor development, and respiratory system health – among others.

Tolerance – The more weed you smoke the more your body gets used to it and it takes more weed to get high. I would imagine tolerance level wouldn’t play much of a factor for people reading this article. If you’ve smoked enough to build up a tolerance then you are probably already aware of the amount you need to smoke.

How Much Herb Should You Smoke?

If you’re smoking good old-fashioned herb then you’re probably only going to need a few hits if it’s your first time. The effects of weed can be felt anywhere from instantly to up to several minutes. If it’s your first time then just take 1 or 2 hits, and wait for a few minutes. If you’re still not high you can take another hit. Usually, beginners would not need to smoke an entire bowl or joint by themselves to get high. If the quality is decent then 3 or 4 hits total should get the job done. If you’re new to this I highly recommend checking out two of my other articles: How to Smoke Weed Properly: A First-Timer’s Guide and 7 Reasons Why You Aren’t Getting High From Weed.

Remember, the more you smoke the higher your tolerance is going to get. Individuals with high tolerances may need multiple bowls or joints to feel effects. Some people report smoking so much they can’t get high anymore. If this is the case I highly recommend taking a tolerance break.

How Many Edibles Do You Need To Eat?

Knowing how much weed to use is about finding your own personal boundaries. With smoking, the effects are felt very quickly so you usually know when you’ve had enough. Edibles are a different story which is why you have to be very careful with them. The effects from edibles are typically felt 45 minutes – 2 hours after it’s eaten. This means you could take too much and not even know it until the rush hits you.

So, how much edibles is good then? The state of Colorado recommends a 10mg dosage for first-time users, and I agree. Edibles hit everyone differently. I personally don’t feel anything on 10mg, but I have a friend who can get lit off the same amount. This is why you have to find your own personal boundary. Make sure to wait at least 2 hours before eating more edibles, but ideally wait until the next day to up the dosage.

If you’re eating homemade edibles you may run into some problems since there really isn’t any way to know the potency of the edible. Have someone experienced try them first to find out their strength. Also, take a very small amount (think one bite or less) if you are unsure about the potency.

As a regular user, I typically take between 50-100mg at a time depending on how high I want to get. Let us know how much you normally eat, smoke, or vape in the comments.

How Much Concentrates for a First-Time Dabber?

Finally, we come to concentrates. The answer to how much you should dab is built right into the name – you only need a small dab. If it’s your first time then take the smallest amount you think you need and cut it in half. We’re talking about a small booger-sized amount. There is no need to try and show off as a beginner and you’re just going to look silly when you take too big of a dab and spend the next half hour coughing up a lung.

Extra tip: Don’t worry about holding in the smoke. It’s not going to get you any higher. It’ll just make you cough more.

Thanks for reading. If you enjoyed this article then here are a few of my other articles you may like:

How Much Weed Does It Take To Get High? If you’re a first-time smoker, beginner, or just haven’t smoked in a while (weed has changed since the 70s) you may not be sure exactly how much weed you ]]>


what is a cut of weed

weed cutter



Origin of weed cutter

Words nearby weed cutter

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Weed cutter definition, a hand implement, often powered by electricity or a gasoline motor, for cutting weeds or trimming grass and often utilizing a rotating nylon cord as the cutting blade. See more.

Picture Guide to Cloning Marijuana

What is a cannabis “clone?” What are the advantages of taking marijuana clones? Well, first of all, cloning is one of the easiest and fastest ways for cannabis growers to make many new (and basically free) weed plants at once!

Cloning cannabis is the process of making a smaller copy of a specific cannabis plant. Basically, a clone is a little piece of plant that has been cut off (a “cutting”) from a parent plant and then given the opportunity to make roots of its own.

Cannabis clones are cuttings from a marijuana plant – these cuttings make roots of their own and grow into an identical plant as the “mother!”

Each cannabis clone has the same genes and is a genetic copy of its parent. That means if the parent of the clone is a female, you are guaranteed that all the clones taken from that cannabis plant will be female, too. Why do cannabis growers care about plant gender?

Cloning cannabis lets you make dozens of (practically free) identical cannabis plants quickly! Save your favorite plants to grow again!

Growers can take many clones of a single marijuana plant, and this is an easy way to get many plants that will grow the same way as the mother plant and produce buds with similar characteristics (smell, taste, potency, etc).

What’s Great About Growing Cannabis Clones?

  • a clone is an exact copy of a specific cannabis plant, which means clones share the same genes and will grow very similar to each other and their mother plant
  • you know a lot about a cannabis clone already since you know what their parent plant was like. While there’s a lot of variation between plants grown from seed, even if they’re the same strain, with clones you’ll have inside information on how the clone will grow, what yields to expect, and the bud potency (plus other characteristics that can vary in a strain like bud color, smell, etc)
  • you can easily take many clones at once from a single cannabis plant, for dozens of brand new plants that will be available in about a week
  • low cost – besides cloning supplies (which can be as simple as scissors and a glass of water), making clones is basically free
  • you can take clone at most points of a cannabis plant’s life – although clones may root a little faster in the vegetative stage, you can take clones up until 2-3 weeks before harvest in order to save your favorite plant for the next grow (though make sure to pinch off any buds and expect some weird looking growth for the first week or two on cannabis clones taken from flowering plants)
  • clones get a head-start compared to seedlings – Unlike a seedling, each clone is the same “age” as the parent and therefore is completely mature. As a result, clones grow much faster in the first few weeks compared to seed-grown plants, especially for a larger clone. A newly rooted clone will grow faster than a similarly sized plant grown from seed!
  • clones are a good choice for Sea of Green or 12/12 from seed techniques – Since marijuana clones are already mature, a clone not only grows faster vegetatively but can also be changed to the flowering stage immediately to create a Sea of Green or 12/12 from seed cannabis garden.
  • clones are not for everyone – many growers want to grow just a few plants of different strains. For these growers it may be better to start with seeds because seeds give you the ability to easily grow many different strains at once without having to maintain extra plants

For many cannabis growers, taking cuttings and cloning can be a great way of propagating a cannabis strain or a particularly nice cannabis plant without ever having to ever worry about male plants or making or buying seeds. Each clone is free!

Like just about every important marijuana growing technique, there is controversy about the best way to clone cannabis plants. There are many effective techniques to clone plants and this tutorial will teach you how to clone today, but no matter what, cloning should only be used with the healthiest, most desirable plants you have. Although technically you can take a clone from any plant at almost any point in its life, you want to take clones of your best plants that have proven to be winners!

Today I will walk you through the entire process of cloning marijuana, and clear up some of the myths and misinformation.

How Cloning Marijuana Works

At it’s simplest, cloning basically means cutting off a piece of plant and sticking it in the ground! New roots grow out of the stem, and soon you have a new cannabis plant!

If you study cannabis clones, you can see the roots actually grow directly out of the stem

Thanks to HerbLion for this incredible cannabis cloning roots picture!

What You Will Need

  • A “mother” plant to get your clones from
  • Sharp scissors or a razor Fiskars are popular with cannabis growers for taking cuttings for clones, defoliation and trimming. They have a small spring that keeps them open, saving your fingers a little work and letting you pay more attention to your plants. I’ve found you can usually find them at Home Depot!
  • Starter Cubes to place your new clones in (I like Rapid Rooters)
  • Cloning gel or cloning powder (or both) – Optional

  • Strong, but Not Too Strong Light – CFLs, T5 grow lights, Metal Halide from far away, etc Many T5 models are designed specifically for clones and seedlings, like the one pictured below. Other more powerful grow lights (like a Metal Halide) can be used if kept further away. Sunlight will also do the trick!
  • 7″ Humidity Dome For Clones (7″ Vented Dome & Tray) or (Optional)Aeroponic Semi-Automatic Cloner
  • (Optional)Heating Mat(especially for cool climates)

Quick Video Overview of the Cannabis Cloning Process

How To Take a Cannabis Clone

Before anything, clean and disinfect all your tools, and get everything ready, including setting out everything mentioned in the “What You Will Need to Clone Cannabis” section.

Take clones from “mature” cannabis plants – if the leaves are alternating (not connecting at the exact same part of the stem) the plant is ready to clone. Here’s an example of a marijuana stem with alternating leaves/nodes, perfect for cloning.

Mature cannabis stem for cloning

Soak your starter cubes for a couple of minutes in the water. You don’t need to soak them for days, a few minutes is fine.

Choose a spot where there is new branching and a new top, and cut a little bit below that. Just firmly grab the new growth and cut the branch away at a 45-degree angle. New cuttings should be 5-8 inches (10-20 cm) long.

When possible, take clones from vigorous growth tips from the lower half of your plant, as they have more rooting hormones than branches toward the top and will grow roots faster. However, clones taken from any part of the plant will work as long as they have a nice growth tip at the end..

Basically, you just want to cut away a small part of the plant. The roots will grow out of the “cut” you made, and the rest of the cutting will start growing into an individual plant.

Cut 5-8 inches (10-20 cm) below cannabis growth tip

Many growers gently scrape or even split the bottom of the cutting so more “raw” insides get exposed. As you can see from the pictures below, the roots grow most easily from the parts of the stem that are raw, so scraping and splitting exposes more “insides,” which gives more surface areas for roots to grow out of and promotes faster rooting.

Immediately put your new marijuana cutting in a glass of water! This will help prevent bubbles from getting in the stem!

Trim off any huge lower leaves or node points from the new cutting and clip the top fan leaves if they’re big. Clipping the leaves helps prevent the weed clone from “over-exerting” itself trying to turn light into food, when the plant should be focused on roots.

You can take cannabis clones using just plain water, and your cuttings will make roots just sitting in the water that way. Some growers use rooting hormones and other cloning products to help the plant root faster.

If you do plan to dip your cuttings, take your cuttings from the water and dip your newly scrapped cutting immediately into rooting hormone powder or gel to seal off air bubbles and give your cutting what it needs to start making roots. Some growers will use gel and then powder afterwards to get the best of both.

Make sure you coat the entire bottom of the cutting, so that all the parts of the clone that get put into your starter cube is covered in gel.

Place the new clone into a moistened starter cube, and press around the bottom to make sure everything is sealed and no air can get to the rooting area.

If you have an automatic cloner or humidity dome, this is when you would place the new clone inside.

When you recreate the right conditions, you don’t need a cloner or humidity dome, yet these types of devices make successful cloning and root growth happen practically by itself.

Yet if you follow the steps in this article, it’s not a matter of if your clones will take root, but just a matter of when. Almost 100% of clones will take root if you follow these instructions and just giver her enough time.

In the next section I’ll explain exactly what your new clones need to thrive.

How To Nurture Your New Clones

Clones like warm, wet conditions.

Think springtime.

Your clones need to get their water through their leaves right now because their roots haven’t formed.

That’s why a nice humid cloner works great, or you can mist your plants a few times a day until they start forming roots.

Some growers will use a heating pad under their clones to help keep things warm.

A little warmer than room temperature 72-77 °F (22-25 °C ) is perfect. Many automatic cloners come with a heat setting.

Some growers don’t use any grow lights at all for the first 1-2 days while clones get settled. Other growers do give light right from the beginning. It’s common to leave new clones in a warm, bright area for the first day or two, for example with a relatively weak grow light like a CFL bulb.

Leave your grow lights on an 18/6 (Light/Dark) for your new clones. Don’t give new clones 24 hours of light, without any dark periods. This can slow down the rooting process. Rooting seems to happen best when there’s some amount of darkness each day.

The most important thing is to keep a close eye on your new clones until they’ve become well-established

Each clone will grow into a full sized marijuana plant!

beautiful cannabis cloning pics by B. Clement

Cloning Grow Lights

For the first 10 days and especially for the first 3-4 days, you don’t want to use full-strength light on your new clones.

Clones want light from the beginning, but as they are focusing on making roots they don’t want a whole lot since they aren’t as strong as rooted plants!

Cheap CFLs or other fluorescent grow lights like T5s are great cloning lights, as they’re not too intense. If you have just a small tent or cupboard to keep your clones, you can find CFLs at the grocery store, home improvement stores, even your local mini-mart! FLuorescent grow lights can be kept about 8-9″ above your clones.

HID grow lights like Metal Halide and High-Pressure Sodium bulbs can work well for clones but need to be kept 2-3+ feet away from new clones so they don’t get scorched.

If you do start with intense lights, treat your cuttings like seedlings until your clones have formed strong roots. For example, a 400W HPS grow light is good about 30 inches away from the top of your clones while they’re rooting.

If you’re growing in rockwool cubes or other starter cubes like Rapid Rooters, then you know your clones are ready to be transplanted and receive regular light when you actually see the roots coming out the bottom of the cubes.

Remember, new clones are weak, and they should be treated gently like seedlings until they start growing vigorously. But within just a week or so, you will have fast-growing plants that are much bigger than any week-old seedling!

And remember to be patient if it’s your first time. Almost every cutting will take root if you just wait long enough, and keep providing the right conditions. Some plants will root in just a few days, 7 days is average, but some clones can take 2 weeks (or even more) to start showing roots!

Cannabis Cloning Tips

1.) Keep the leaves of each new clone gently moist – clones love misty conditions (especially the first week after taking a cutting)

This is why many growers buy cloners, or a tray with a humidity dome (a clear plastic top to put over their plants), since they will keep your cuttings nice and moist for you and practically automate the whole process. However, with a humidity dome, it’s extra important to keep an eye out for mold.

If you don’t have a humidity dome (or even if you do) it can be a good idea to mist each clone with water after you’re done to keep them moist. If you can mist your clones a couple of times a day so they don’t dry out, you may be able to skip the clear top altogether. Another option is put the clear top over your plants while you’re away from your grow area(like when you’re at work), then take it off while you’re around to check on your clones and mist them regularly with water.

Most domes have vents to let them expel extra air, and you will want to open them if it starts looking too misty in there!

2.) Give each clone a little something extra to help make roots

In addition to cloning gel or powder, some growers recommend spraying the leaves with a very mild nutrient solution, as the clones can absorb a tiny bit of nutrients through their leaves.

Cannabis growers may also add a small amount of …

>>> Vitamin B-1 (“Western States B-1” found at Home Depot)
>>> Potassium silicate protectant (“Dyna-Gro Pro-tekt” is a great source that has been time-tested for cloning marijuana)

To promote root growth, try to give new clones a minimum level of nitrogen and possibly increased levels of phosphorus. Basically, any sort of flowering nutrients would be well suited to give to new clones. However, make sure if you’re feeding them nutes to give them only 1/4 to 1/2 the recommended amounts for seedlings!

3.) Use rooting powder or gel (that has been properly stored)

When creating clones, many people prefer to use some sort of cloning solution or powder, which contain hormones that help the clone root and can be purchased from a grow shop, garden store, or off the internet. Rootech Cloning Gel is a great choice. Gels tend to evenly coat the plant much better than powders, but if you’re not sure you can use both!

Store your rooting powder or gel in a cool, dark, dry place and never use “contaminated” rooting powder or gel.

If the package was unsealed when you got it, or if you’ve dropped anything into the rooting hormone, discard and get a fresh package. Foreign materials like leaves, dirt, dust, etc can cause bad stuff to grow in your gel or powder, and will negatively affect your cloning results.

  • Some cloning gels come with a handy applicator tip, which makes it easier to use and reduces waste and the chance of contamination.

4.) Take cuttings from a well-established and healthy plant

You will tend to get better results if you use clones from a well-established plant (at least two months old). Younger plants may not be totally mature, and their clones can take a lot longer to root, or may not root at all.

If you grow a plant in the vegetative stage for about 2-3 months, you will be able to get dozens of clones off a single plant.

It’s completely fine if you plan on just taking a couple of clones from a plant then letting it continue growing. In fact, it’s best to take the clones off the bottom of the plant since these clones tend to take root in much less time than clones taken from the top of the plant.

5.) Take clones off the bottom of the plant for faster rooting, off the top of the plant for faster flowering

If getting plants to root as fast as possible, it’s best to take the clones off the bottom of the plant since these clones tend to have more root hormones and tend to take root in less time as clones taken from the top of the plant.

If you want to flower the plant right away to determine the gender, then you’ll often have better luck taking a clone from the top of the plant, which tends to be more primed to flowering.

6.) Prepare the mother plant for cloning if you can

If possible, give a potential mother less nitrogen then usual when feeding for a week or two before cloning as this will promote better rooting in her clones. Regular flowering nutrients work well.

7.) Take more clones than you need

Save yourself a boatload of frustration by always taking more cuttings than you need. You will lose a few clones in the beginning, but I promise it will get easier.

Some clones take longer to root. I’ve had a clone that didn’t really do anything for almost a month (it didn’t wilt or grow) and I was just about to throw it away before it suddenly exploded with new growth and became a healthy adult plant. However, it’s usually a lot easier to take many extra marijuana clones and throw away any that are taking longer than the others to make roots.

8.) Don’t forget to label every cannabis clone, or you will regret it!

You might be amazed at how much you can forget in the week it takes for roots to form ?

9.) A cannabis clone from a flowering plant will grow differently at first, this is normal!

You want to take clones off a cannabis plant when it’s in the vegetative stage if possible because cuttings will root faster, but you can also take clones from a flowering plant if you have a prize plant you want to save. When taking clones from a flowering cannabis plant, choose clones from the bottom of the plant and immediately pinch away any buds you see. Other than that you can treat new clones exactly the same as any other.

Clones from flowering plants may grow more “bushy” than their parent plant, and will often show other strange growing patterns especially in the first few weeks after being cloned (for example rounded leaves). It’s completely normal for clones taken during the flowering stage to have weird leaves and growth patterns for the first few weeks.

Marijuana clones taken from a flowering plant will display strange growth for the first few weeks, but leaves will soon start growing normally again.

10.) Choosing and taking care of “mother” plants

Pictured to the left is an example of a “mother” plant. This plant is known to be female, so all her clones will be female too.

All clones are genetically identical to the plant you took them from. So if you have an incredible specimen of a plant, you can make more plants that will have all very similar characteristics as the mother cannabis plant. You can take dozens of clones from a single plant. In fact anywhere there’s a “growth tip” will yield a clone!

Cloning Cannabis: How to pick a valuable female plant to clone

As the grower, you’re looking for hardy female plants with fast growth, big roots, huge yields, and potent buds.

Now it is generally recommended to take clones during the vegetative stage of marijuana because clones taken during the flowering stage can have a much harder time taking root. However, if you take clones from the bottom of a cannabis plant in the flowering stage, you can usually get it to clone by pinching off any buds and following the normal steps. This can be a great way to save a plant that is performing really well in the flowering stage!

Note: Some growers take clones during the flowering stage on purpose, with a technique known as Monster Cropping. Clones taking during the flowering stage can sometimes display unusual growth patterns and can become crazy branching monsters. Depending on the grow setup, this can be taken advantage of. Learn about monster cropping and other ultra-advanced techniques in this guide (for SERIOUS growers only).

Ok, so you want to take clones during the vegetative stage if possible, yet how do you choose the best mother plants that will give you the most potent buds and greatest yields? You don’t know how the plant is going to turn out yet since she’s still in the vegetative stage.

You could just choose to clone any plant, and maybe that’s what you want to do if this is your first time cloning. Yet if you want to get the best results, you should choose to grow clones from only the best plants.

But how do you know which plants are going to be good when you have to clone in the vegetative stage?

How do you even know if the plant is a boy or a girl?

This is where things get a little bit tricky…

There are two major ways to identify male and female plants in the vegetative stage. Looking at pre-flowers or taking an early clone and flowering it.

Although you can identify the gender of a cannabis plant when it’s just 3-6 weeks old from seed, you may choose to clone your plant earlier, and therefore won’t know the gender. To get around this, you can always take clones of all your plants right before you put them into the flowering stage. This will give you a “copy” just in case any of your plants end up blowing you away with their quality.

Keep these clones in the vegetative stage and allow them to start growing. I have a vegetative tent and flowering tent, and I just stick new, healthy clones in the vegetative tent until I’m ready to flower them.

Continue to nurture these new clones and allow them to start growing into full-size plants. Meanwhile, as your main garden starts flowering, the “parent” plants will start revealing their true characteristics.

At this point, throw away any clones that came from a male plant, or from a plant which grows slowly. You’ll be glad you labeled them!

After harvest, you will know which plants had the best yields, growth, etc. Keep the clones you took from these best plant(s). These clones will become your “mother” plants which you can take further clones from whenever you need new babies.

How do you keep a mother plant from getting too big?

You can easily keep a mother plant in the vegetative stage for two years or more as long as you keep the plant under a vegetative light schedule. Any clones can be kept in the same place until you’re ready to move them into your main growing area. Make sure the mother plant is well-fed and happy so that any clones you take off her are healthy and strong.

However, if you keep light and nutrient levels low, the plant will tend to grow slower, so you can keep the genetics without growing a huge plant. You can take clones off the top of the plant to help control height, and plant training can be used to train a plant to grow into almost any size and shape.

Enjoy the power of marijuana cloning!

Cloning gives you the power to take one plant and get unlimited new cannabis plants for practically forever! You can clone clones without a problem. Each new clone is a genetic copy of the original plant.

Take your newfound power and let’s help overgrow the world ?

About Nebula Haze:

Medical marijuana is important to me as an epilepsy patient, and I’m dedicated to showing you how easy it can be to grow your own medical-grade buds.

I believe people should be able to grow cannabis in the privacy of their own homes! I have made it my mission in life to build the best growing resources available so anyone with an internet connection can become an advanced grower!

Are You Ready To Go Pro With Your Garden?

I know you are dedicated to growing the best marijuana possible.

Advanced techniques like monster cropping, which was mentioned in this article, are not for the faint of heart.

Learn the most advanced growing tactics and techniques right here:


You need to learn this plant’s language if you want to grow real chronic buds and get the best yields possible.

So you could spend years and years learning from trial and error…

Or you can take the shortcut to consistently producing outstanding results by learning from real growers who have done all the work for you.

Every experienced grower has their own grow style, and over time as you get exposed to more info, you will begin to finely tune your personal grow style.

Now, there is a lot of great info in Ryan Riley’s Growing Elite Marijuana book. If you read the entire thing from front to back, even a totally experienced grower will learn something, and probably a whole lot of things. For a beginner, this book has literally everything you will need to know.

As you probably know, the growing forums can be a rough place to learn how to grow weed, You must be on the lookout for bad information and will always be second-guessing whether this or that person in the forums actually knows what they’re talking about. That’s why investing in growing books by known pros will pay off in the long run.

I’ve read several marijuana books over the last decade (read some of my reviews about the best growing marijuana books), and learned a lot from all of them. Each book I’ve read has leveled up my growing skills.

Now the price tag for this resource is pretty high, so it’s only recommended for growers who want to go pro with their growing skills. Still, I’m glad that I invested in this book, and I definitely have gotten my money’s worth out of it 100x over via increased yields and saved time/frustration. If the price of this book is going to kill your growing budget, then you are going to have a tough time growing elite marijuana anyway. ?

This book isn’t for you if you’re just looking to grow a tiny amount of buds to smoke a few times a year.

Yet if you’re a daily toker like me and are dedicated to growing a constant supply of chronic buds for as cheap and easy as possible, you’ll be glad you invested in Ryan Riley’s ultimate guide to growing.

How to Control Humidity (keep high humidity for happy new clones!)

Cloning is one of the easiest and fastest ways for cannabis growers to make many new (and basically free) weed plants at once! Learn how to start cloning today! ]]>


william seed interview


Tina Hnatiuk

Here’s my interview with Dr. William Seed in Thrive Global.

I’d love for you to check it out and if you like it, please share it so more people can see it too. ❤️


“Here Are 5 Lifestyle Tweaks That Will Dramatically Improve One’s Wellbeing” With Dr. William Seeds & Tina Hnatiuk

Tina Hnatiuk

I had the pleasure of sharing tips on managing stress including self-regulation techniques for acute care as well as resilience building tools to manage stress long term.

If you, or your workplace could use these as well, contact me. It’s been a hard year, we all need the best resources we can get.

Thank you for having me @montessorischoolofregina ?

Montessori School of Regina, Inc.

We celebrated our staff this past Friday, December 4th. They enjoyed lunch and a guest speaker Tina Hnatiuk! Tina’s son is a Montessori pre-primary alumni!

Tina gave our staff some helpful tips/tricks in coping with stress and gave them some mental health vitamins and strategies to implement in their daily life! Thank you so much Tina!
# mentalhealthmatters # montessoristaffeducation # supportingmentalhealth # teambuilding # thankyoustaff

Here’s my interview with Dr. William Seed in Thrive Global. I’d love for you to check it out and if you like it, please share it so more people can see…

William Seed: An Interview with Gay Porn Star

As promised, here’s Queer Me Now exclusive interview with Canadian gay porn star and exclusive model William Seed. Since William only speaks French, thanks to for helping with translation.

After you get to know him better, check out his new scene where William Seed fucks Zack Hunter and Will Braun. Be sure to check out his upcoming scene Hide And Seek Part 3, William Seed and Ryan Bones tag-team Will Braun to be released next Friday, June 23.

Please introduce yourself, how old are you? Where are you from? What’s your day job?
William Seed, 24, I’m from Montreal Quebec, Canada and I currently work in construction.

How did you come up with your porn name William Seed?
It actually just came to me. It was the first name that I thought of.

How did you get into porn industry and become exclusive model?
I was contacted by a recruiter that was looking for models in Montreal. I sent in my pictures they met with me and liked what they saw and tried me out for a scene which ended up being Closet Peepers .

How was it like filming your first porn scene?
I was a little bit shy but that quickly changed to excitement at which point it was easy and fun.

Do you consider yourself gay, straight or bi? Single or taken?
I consider myself Bi and I’m no not taken at all ?

Any funny stories that happened during porn shoot?
Nothing as of yet, but I’m sure I will have interesting stories to share as time goes on.

Where’s the craziest place you ever had sex?
At school

What’s your favorite sex position?
Doggy style

Do you bottom in your personal life?
I have not yet tried but you know what they say… never say never ahaha

Do you have special / secret talent?
I’m a very good cook ?

Do you watch porn? If so, what kind of porn you like to watch?
I like Gang Bang scenes

Is there any porn stars you want to work with?
Humm, Johnny Rapid … I just want to fuck his little ass.

When will fans see your bottoming debut?
Good question…..we’ll see…stay tuned .

William Seed: An Interview with Gay Porn Star As promised, here’s Queer Me Now exclusive interview with Canadian gay porn star and exclusive model William Seed. Since William only ]]>