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Weed Research

Author Guidelines


Content of Author Guidelines:

1. General
2. Ethical Guidelines
3. Submission of Manuscripts
4. Manuscript Types Accepted
5. Manuscript Format and Structure
6. After Acceptance

1. GENERAL

Weed Research is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes topical and innovative papers on weed science, in the English language. The aim is to publish the best weed science from around the globe and to be the journal of choice for weed science researchers. It is the official journal of the European Weed Research Society. Papers are taken that focus on all aspects of weeds, defined as plants that impact both positively and negatively on economic, aesthetic or environmental aspects of any system. Topics include, amongst others, weed biology and control, herbicides, invasive plant species in all environments, population and spatial biology, modelling, genetics, biodiversity and parasitic plants. The journal welcomes submissions on work carried out in any part of the world and in all ecosystems. We encourage papers on both the positive and negative effects of plants, plant ecology and interactions with other taxa. We invite contributions from agriculture, forestry, horticulture, amenity and urban systems, and importantly from non-crop habitats, including rangelands and conservation sites. Integrated crop and weed management is a focus of the journal, built around primary plant production and its interactions with biotic, abiotic, social and economic environments to develop long-term sustainability. Thus, the scope of the journal also covers cross-cutting issues in integrated crop management and interactions with the range of disciplines across production and crop protection. In addition to original research papers, the journal also seeks review articles, methods papers and shorter insights papers covering personal views, new methods and breaking news in weed science. The criteria Editors use for accepting manuscripts for publication are originality, relevance, scientific rigour and the clarity of presentation. There should be sufficient material presented so that the information is of wider interest than just for local conditions. Thus, single experiments are unlikely to be acceptable. Research should cover sufficient temporal and spatial variation to be able to make sound generalisations. For example, evaluation of herbicide efficacy should be over more than one year at more than one site or soil type.

Please read the instructions below carefully for details on the submission of manuscripts, the journal’s requirements and standards as well as information concerning the procedure after a manuscript has been accepted for publication in Weed Research. Authors are encouraged to visit Wiley’s Author Services for further information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures.

Authors should kindly note that submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium.

Once the submission materials have been prepared in accordance with the Author Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at https://submission.wiley.com/journal/wre

For help with submissions, please contact:
Editorial Assistant
Weed Research
[email protected]

2. ETHICAL GUIDELINES

Weed Research adheres to the ethical guidelines below for publication and research.

2.1. Authorship and Acknowledgements

Authorship: Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors and that all authors agree to the submission of the manuscript to the Journal. ALL named authors must have made an active contribution to the conception and design and/or analysis and interpretation of the data and/or the drafting of the paper and ALL must have critically reviewed its content and have approved the final version submitted for publication. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship and, except in the case of complex large-scale or multi-centre research, the number of authors should not exceed six.
Weed Research adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). According to the ICMJE authorship criteria should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design of, or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2 and 3.

It is a requirement that all authors have been accredited as appropriate upon submission of the manuscript. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under Acknowledgements.

Acknowledgements: Under Acknowledgements please specify contributors to the article other than the authors accredited. Please also include specifications of the source of funding for the study and any potential conflict of interests if appropriate.

2.2. Ethical Approvals

Authors must confirm that all the research meets the ethical guidelines, including adherence to the legal requirements, of the study country.
All studies using human or animal subjects should include an explicit statement in the Material and Methods section identifying the review and ethics committee approval for each study, if applicable. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt as to whether appropriate procedures have been used. When experimental animals are used the methods section must clearly indicate that adequate measures were taken to minimize pain or discomfort. Experiments should be carried out in accordance with the Guidelines laid down by the National Institute of Health (NIH) in the USA regarding the care and use of animals for experimental procedures or with the European Communities Council Directive of 24 November 1986 (86/609/EEC) and in accordance with local laws and regulations. Papers not in agreement with the guidelines of the Helsinki Declaration as revised in 1975 will not be accepted for publication.

2.3. DNA Sequences and Crystallographic Structure Determinations

Papers reporting protein or DNA sequences and crystallographic structure determinations will not be accepted without a Genbank or Brookhaven accession number, respectively. Other supporting data sets must be made available on the publication date from the authors directly.

2.4. Conflict of Interest and Source of Funding

Conflict of Interest: Weed Research requires that sources of institutional, private and corporate financial support for the work within the manuscript must be fully acknowledged, and any potential conflicts of interest noted. As of 1st March 2007, this information will be a requirement for all manuscripts submitted to the Journal. Please include this information in the Acknowledgements section, prior to the References.

This information must be disclosed when directly relevant or directly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. Potential sources of conflict of interest include, but are not limited to: patent or stock ownership, membership of a company board of directors, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy for or receipt of speaker’s fees from a company. The existence of conflict of interest does not preclude publication.

If the author does not include a conflict of interest statement in the manuscript then the following statement may be included by default: “No conflicts of interest have been declared”.

Source of Funding: Authors are required to specify the source of funding for their research when submitting a paper. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included. The information will be disclosed in the published article.

2.5. Appeal of Decision

Authors who wish to appeal the decision on their submitted paper may do so by e-mailing the Editor with a detailed explanation for why they find reasons to appeal the decision.

2.6. Permissions

If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author’s responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publishers.

2.7. Copyright Assignment

Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the work and its essential substance have not been published before and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. The submission of the manuscript by the authors means that the authors automatically agree to assign copyright to the European Weed Research Society if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. The work shall not be published elsewhere in any language without the written consent of the publisher. The articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers translation rights and the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute all of the articles printed in the journal. No material published in the journal may be stored on microfilm or videocassettes, in electronic databases and the like, or reproduced photographically without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Correspondence to the journal is accepted on the understanding that the contributing author assigns the publisher to publish the letter as part of the journal or separately from it, in the exercise of any subsidiary rights relating to the journal and its contents.

For questions concerning copyright, please visit Copyright FAQs

2.8. Copyright Transfer Agreement

Authors will be required to assign copyright to the European Weed Research Society. Copyright assignment is a condition of publication and papers will not be passed to the publisher for production unless copyright has been assigned. Government employees in both the US and the UK need to complete the Author Warranty sections, although copyright in such cases does not need to be assigned. For multi-author papers, it is the responsibility of the corresponding author to submit a signed CTA, on behalf of all contributors. Production will not start on your paper until we are in receipt of a signed copyright transfer agreement.

2.9. OnlineOpen

OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen the author, the author’s funding agency, or the author’s institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency’s preferred archive.

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal’s standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

3. SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS

New submissions should be made via the Research Exchange submission portal https://submission.wiley.com/journal/wre. For technical help with the submission system, please review our FAQs or contact [email protected]

As part of the journal’s commitment to supporting authors at every step of the publishing process, the journal requires the submitting author (only) to provide an ORCID iD. Find more information here.

Further assistance may be obtained from the Editorial Office of WRE ([email protected]).

Preprints

Weed Research will consider for review articles previously available as preprints. Authors may also post the submitted version of their manuscript to a preprint server at any time. Authors are requested to update any pre-publication versions with a link to the final published article.

Article Preparation Support:

Wiley Editing Services offers expert help with English Language Editing, as well as translation, manuscript formatting, figure illustration, figure formatting, and graphical abstract design – so you can submit your manuscript with confidence. Also, check out our resources for Preparing Your Article for general guidance about writing and preparing your manuscript.

Parts of the Manuscript

For manuscripts submitted via the new Research Exchange portal, manuscripts can be uploaded either as a single Microsoft Word document (containing the main text, tables and figures), or with figures and tables provided as separate files. Should your manuscript reach revision stage, figures and tables must be provided as separate files. The main manuscript file can be submitted in Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx) or LaTex (.tex) formats.

Cover Letters and Conflict of Interest statements may be provided as separate files, included in the manuscript, or provided as free text in the submission system. A statement of funding (including grant numbers, if applicable) should be included in the “Acknowledgements” section of your manuscript.

LaTeX Submissions

If submitting your manuscript file in LaTex format via the new Research Exchange portal, select the file designation “Main Document – LaTeX .tex File” on upload. When submitting a Latex Main Document, you must also provide a PDF version of the manuscript for Peer Review. Please upload this file as “Main Document – LaTeX PDF.” All supporting files that are referred to in the Latex Main Document should be uploaded as a “LaTeX Supplementary File.”

Authorship

On initial submission, the submitting author will be prompted to provide the email address and country for all contributing authors.

Transparent Peer Review

This journal is participating in a pilot on Peer Review Transparency. By submitting to this journal, authors agree that the reviewer reports, their responses, and the editor’s decision letter will be linked from the published article to where they appear on Publons in the case that the article is accepted. Authors have the opportunity to opt out during submission, and reviewers may remain anonymous unless they would like to sign their report.

Blinded Review

All manuscripts submitted to Weed Research will be reviewed by two experts in the field. Weed Research uses single-blinded review. The names of the reviewers will thus not be disclosed to the author submitting a paper, unless the reviewers so wish.

Suggesting Reviewers

Weed Research attempts to keep the review process as short as possible to enable rapid publication of new scientific data. Our average time to first decision is 64 days. In order to facilitate this process, you may suggest the names and current e-mail addresses of up to 3 potential international reviewers (preferred) whom you consider capable of reviewing your manuscript. You may also list the names and e-mail addresses of reviewers that you do not wish to review your manuscript (non-preferred).

Submission of Revised Manuscripts

Revised manuscripts must be uploaded within 3 months of authors being notified of conditional acceptance pending satisfactory revision.

4. MANUSCRIPT TYPES ACCEPTED

Original Research Articles: Original and innovative research papers relevant to weed biology, ecology and management are sought. There should be sufficient material presented so that the information is of wider interest than just for local conditions. Thus, single experiments are unlikely to be acceptable. Research should cover sufficient temporal and spatial variation to be able to make sound generalisations. For example, evaluation of herbicide efficacy should be over more than one year at more than one site or soil type. Original research papers should be no longer than 7000 words in total, including all tables, legends and references. We suggest a maximum of 35 references.

Methods papers: We encourage the submission of methods papers and should be prepared as original research articles. These should evaluate new techniques against existing methods, where possible, so that any advantages or disadvantages are clear.

Review Articles: Review articles are encouraged. Reviews should critically evaluate the subject area and identify new conclusions and gaps in knowledge, rather than simply presenting summaries of previous work. Papers may be longer than research articles at the discretion of the editors. We suggest around 70 references.

Insights: The journal will accept short Insights articles up to 3000 words in total covering personal views, new methods and breaking news in weed science. These articles may cover scientific opinions, new methods or proof-of-concepts, as well as important and topical pieces of research that require further validation. Key criteria are that the content is of wide interest to weed scientists, is novel and is likely to significantly advance weed science.

5. MANUSCRIPT FORMAT AND STRUCTURE

5.1. Style and Format

Style: Use the Wiley-Blackwell House Style Guide for English usage and spelling, use of italics, hyphens and en-rules, abbreviations, time, units of measurement, place-names, statistical and scientific terminology, etc.

Layout: Manuscripts should be written in 12 pt Times New Roman, with at least 1.5 line spacing and continuous line numbering.

Language: The language of publication is UK English. Authors for whom English is a second language should consider having their manuscript professionally edited by an English-speaking person before submission, to make sure the English is of high quality. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/english_language.asp. All services are paid for and arranged by the author and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Abbreviations, Symbols and Nomenclature: A list of accepted abbreviations is provided here; abbreviations should be written in full at first mention. Spellings should conform to those used in the Concise Oxford Dictionary. SI units should be used throughout. Do not start a sentence with an abbreviation; use the unabbreviated name.

Scientific Names:
Weed names: Latin names should be used throughout the paper, either in italic or underlined. Attribution should be given at the first mention in the main text (not the title or summary). The English common name may also be given in parentheses after the first mention in the text, e.g. Poa annua L. (annual meadow-grass). Thereafter the generic name of the weed may be abbreviated to its initial letter, e.g. P. annua, provided that there is no possibility of confusion with another generic name, but Poa annua starting a sentence. Note: broad-leaved weeds, not broad-leaf weeds; monocotyledons, not monocots.

Crop plant names: The common name should be used throughout the paper, but the scientific name with attribution should be given in parentheses at the first mention in the main text (not the title or summary), e.g. sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Note: maize, not corn; lucerne, not alfalfa: oilseed rape, not canola; soyabean, not soybean, Flax crops should be identified as either fibre flax or linseed flax. Published growth stage keys may be used with the appropriate reference.

Herbicides, desiccants and growth regulators: Use the common name if one has been approved by BSI, WSSA or ISO, as listed here. Otherwise give the full chemical name (IUPAC nomenclature) at the first mention in the title or the abstract and again in Materials and methods, where it should be accompanied by a code number. Thereafter use only the code number. For each chemical (e.g. pendimethalin), the product name (Stomp 400 SC) formulation used (SC), its concentration (400 g a.i. L-1 and the supplier (BASF plc) should be stated in Materials and methods, e.g. pendimethalin (Stomp 400 SC, 400 g a.i. L-1, SC, BASF plc) Trade names should not be used elsewhere in the paper.

Application: Details should be presented in Materials and methods of spray volume (in L ha -1), nozzle type and size, and spray pressure (in kPa). Doses of herbicides and other chemicals should be expressed throughout the paper in terms of active ingredient, e.g. g a.i. ha -1, not as weight or volume of product or spray concentrations, so that readers can understand active dose per plant or per application area.

Molecular Nomenclature: Genes and alleles should be italicised upper case; proteins should be normal font lower case. When distinguishing between mRNA, genomic DNA and cDNA, the relevant term should be given after the gene symbol, e.g. BCL-2, cDNA. Nomenclature for DNA restriction and modification enzymes and their genes should follow Roberts et al. 2003, Nucleic Acids Research, 31, 1805-1812 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkg274.

5.2. Structure

All manuscripts submitted to Weed Research should include: Title, Keywords, Abstract, Main Text (divided by appropriate sub-headings) and References. A Word template is available here.

Title Page: this should give the title of the article, the names and initials of each author, the department and institution to which the work should be attributed, the name, address, international telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address of the author for correspondence, proofs and free copies, and a short title (running head) of 40 characters or less if the paper title exceeds this limit. Up to two lines of keywords (not key phrases and not repeating words in the title) should be listed below the summary. Please include a total word count.

Abstract: on a separate page and should not exceed 250 words. Complete the summary with a clear presentation of the implications of the work for scientific theory and practical weed management. Avoid statements such as “the results are discussed”.

Optimising Your Abstract for Search Engines

Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

Main Text of Original Research Article and Methods papers
This should begin on a separate page, and include an introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion; sections should be numbered. Research papers should be no longer than 7000 words in total, including all tables, legends and references.

Introduction: Place the work in context and clearly state the questions addressed within the paper, preferably expressed as hypotheses to be tested.

Materials and Methods: The objective in writing the Methods is that there is sufficient information presented for a reader to be able to repeat the work.

The Methods should include full details of the statistical techniques used and authors are advised to refer to the article ‘Current statistical issues in Weed Research’ Weed Research 50, 5-24. Onofri A, Carbonell EA, Piepho H-P, Mortimer AM & Cousens Rd (2010). We anticipate that authors, wherever possible, fully discuss the analysis of their results with statisticians within their own institutions. All estimated values (e.g. model parameters, means, differences etc.) should be presented together with an appropriate measure of variability in text, tables and graphs. We require the presentation of standard errors of differences between means with appropriate degrees of freedom where possible; authors may also include least significant differences or other measures of variability in tables, etc. Standard errors, etc., should be given to one more decimal place than the means to which they apply. Please only use multiple comparison procedures where appropriate, as these may create a ‘multiplicity problem’, because the number of statistical tests increases progressively as the number of means to be compared increases (see Onofri et al. (2010) for further discussion).

Results: Results should be separated from discussion. Present the key analysed results objectively. Do not repeat data in both tables and figures.

Discussion: Discuss the implications of the results in the context of previous research. Critically evaluate the methods employed.

Conclusion: This section is optional.

Main Text of Review Article
This should follow the structure of an Original Article, unless other sub-headings are more appropriate. Papers may be longer than original research articles.

Main Text of Insights
Insights papers should be no more than 3000 words in total, have a flexible format, but must have a Summary. They may also follow the separate sections of Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and References at the discretion of editors.

Acknowledgements: Please see above under Authorship and Ethical Guidelines.

5.3. References

The Journal follows the Harvard reference style. In the text, cite authors’ names followed by the date of publication, e.g. in the text Author and Author (1994) or in parentheses (Author and Author, 1994). Where there are three or more authors, the first author’s name followed by et al. will suffice. Where more than one reference is cited they should be listed in chronological order. References to unpublished work should be cited only in the text as ‘A. Author pers. comm.’ or ‘A. Author unpubl. obs.’. Reference lists should be ordered alphabetically. Journal titles should be quoted in full. ‘In press’ is only acceptable if a volume number can be quoted.

Examples

Author, A.B. and Author, B.C. (1989) Title of article with lower-case initials to all words. Journal Title in Full, Volume Number, 123-129.

Author, A., Author, B,. Author, C. et al. [if more than 6] (Eds) (1994) Book Title. Place: Publisher, Place,

Author, A. and Author, B., Jr (1989) Chapter title. In: Author, F.C. (Ed). Book Title. Place: Publisher., pp. 256-295.

Author, A. (1989) Paper title with lower-case initials to all words. PhD thesis, University, Town, Country.

Author, A. (1992) Title of article. In: Proceedings 1991 Title of Conference (ed AB Editor) (20-22 November, Location City, Country). 158-165. Location, City, Country: Publisher.

Author, A. (2005) Online database title or webpage title. Available at: http//www.webaddress [Accessed day month year].

The editor and publisher recommend that citation of online-only published papers and other material should be done via a DOI (digital object identifier), which all reputable online published material should have – see www.doi.org/ for more information. If an author cites anything which does not have a DOI they run the risk of the cited material not being traceable.

5.4. Tables, Figures, Figure Legends and Supporting Information

Tables: should only be used to clarify important points. Tables must, as far as possible, be self-explanatory. The tables should be numbered consecutively as they are referred to in the text with Arabic numerals.

Figures: All graphs, drawings and photographs are considered figures and should be numbered in sequence with Arabic numerals in order of appearance in the text.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication

Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS, PDF or Excel files (for line art figures); TIFF files (for halftone/photographs figures) only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are also suitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of at least 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).

For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art: >600 dpi; halftones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.

Further information can be obtained at Wiley’s guidelines for figures: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/illustration.asp

Permissions: If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author’s responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publisher.

Colour Charges: It is the policy of Weed Research for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork. Therefore, please note that if there is colour artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication. When your article is published in Early View in Wiley Online Library, you will be emailed a link to RightsLink for Author Services allowing you to select optional color printing and pay the associated fee.

Figure Legends: Each figure should have a legend and all legends should be typed together on a separate sheet and numbered correspondingly.

Supporting information: Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files.

Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format.

The journal will take limited supporting information in print within the 7000 word limit as appendices. We will also take online-only supporting information, where the information is directly linked to and important for understanding the paper. This can be in the form of any electronic data, ranging from appendices, tables, figures, to photographs and computer code. These are stored online with the published version of the paper on Wiley Online Library. We can provide an online link to webdata hosted elsewhere, but as these links often cannot be guaranteed in perpetuity, we do not favour these. We do not provide a repository for base research data, as this is usually provided by researchers’ organisations and other online media.

For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/suppinfo.asp

Data Sharing

Weed Research recognizes the many benefits of archiving research data. Weed Research expects you to archive all the data from which your published results are derived in a public repository. The repository that you choose should offer you guaranteed preservation (see the registry of research data repositories at https://www.re3data.org/) and should help you make it findable, accessible, interoperable, and re-useable, according to FAIR Data Principles (https://www.force11.org/group/fairgroup/fairprinciples).

All accepted manuscripts are required to publish a data availability statement to confirm the presence or absence of shared data. If you have shared data, this statement will describe how the data can be accessed, and include a persistent identifier (e.g., a DOI for the data, or an accession number) from the repository where you shared the data. Authors will be required to confirm adherence to the policy. If you cannot share the data described in your manuscript, for example for legal or ethical reasons, or do not intend to share the data then you must provide the appropriate data availability statement. Weed Research notes that FAIR data sharing allows for access to shared data under restrictions (e.g., to protect confidential or proprietary information) but notes that the FAIR principles encourage you to share data in ways that are as open as possible (but that can be as closed as necessary).

Sample statements are available here. If published, all statements will be placed in the heading of your manuscript.

6. AFTER ACCEPTANCE

Upon acceptance of a paper for publication, the manuscript will be forwarded to the Production Editor who is responsible for the production of the journal.

At the same time, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below: CTA Terms and Conditions http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp.

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.aspand visit http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/details/content/12f25db4c87/Copyright–License.html.

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement.

Article Promotion Support

Wiley Editing Services offers professional video, design, and writing services to create shareable video abstracts, infographics, conference posters, lay summaries, and research news stories for your research – so you can help your research get the attention it deserves.

6.1. Proof Corrections

Authors will receive an e-mail notification with a link and instructions for accessing HTML page proofs online. Page proofs should be carefully proofread for any copyediting or typesetting errors. Online guidelines are provided within the system. No special software is required, all common browsers are supported. Authors should also make sure that any renumbered tables, figures, or references match text citations and that figure legends correspond with text citations and actual figures. Proofs must be returned within 48 hours of receipt of the email. Return of proofs via e-mail is possible in the event that the online system cannot be used or accessed.

6.2. Offprints

Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via Author Services only. Please therefore sign up for author services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers.

Additional paper offprints may be ordered online. If you have queries about paper offprints please email www.sheridan.com/wiley/eoc

6.3. Author Services

For more substantial information on the services provided for authors, please see http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/

6.4. Note to NIH Grantees

Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-406074.html.

6.5. Early View

Weed Research is covered by Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. For more information on DOI, click here.

6.6. Cover Image Submissions

This journal accepts artwork submissions for Cover Images. This is an optional service you can use to help increase article exposure and showcase your research. For more information, including artwork guidelines, pricing, and submission details, please visit the Journal Cover Image page.

Journal list menu Tools Follow journal Weed Research Author Guidelines Content of Author Guidelines: 1. General 2. Ethical Guidelines 3. Submission of Manuscripts 4. Manuscript

Weed res

Any item or technique that makes a video game too easy, or in a competitive setting, unfair for your opponent(s). Based off the resin items from the Dark Souls franchise, avoided by internet personality Dan Gheesling during his Twitch playthrough of the first game (reason pursuant to the former definition).

The term has gained traction amongst the hosts of the adjacent NLSS community– an also Twitch-based tri-weekly games cast where Dan Gheesling is a recurring guest– and its fans. Similar but not the same as the more antiquated “laming” which refers to more blatant forms of cheating, hacking, and otherwise bad game etiquette (see dickbaggery).

Dan: Yo, Austin are you still using those dualies in the multiplayer for the new CoD? That banger game where you got a >50.0 KD knocked the old sucks (sic) off . If I didn’t know any better, I’d say that’s resin.

Austin: Ay don’t hate the playa hate the game Dan; there is no resin in CoD. Now if you excuse me, I have a Play of the Game reel to watch. Look, It’s me again! *awoos*

Resin is actually the trichromes used for making hash (simply put), residue would be more accurate for the tar and build up that you find in your pipes, bongs, bubblers- anything you smoke creates a black sticky substance that unfortunatly I have much experience smoking. Read below for tips.

Disclaimer: May not be legal in some countries (imagine that)

As a heavy smoker, there is usually bud around, but when there is a drought and I need to keep the edge off resin will do the trick though the buzz is more of a body buzz in my experiences and tends to be more subtle yet still a good buzz, laid back- kinda hard to explain.

There are a few tricks to smoking and collecting resin and if you don’t know what you’re doing you will end up with resiny tar everywhere and few things can get it out. First there are 2 main methods- smoking it directly from the pipe or collecting it by scraping your smoking utensils.

Smoking out it from an unpacked bowl is simple, either smoke as you would a normal bowl if there is enough buildup inside or hold the pipe sideways and use the bowl as a carb and light the flame from the real carb breathing in slowing from the mouthpiece. Heating the resin is important and stop if the smoke is too hot.

When you’re really desperate you can do as I do and take every piece with resin in it, get about 3-4 large paperclips, a place for the resin collected (cellophane from a cigg pack works) and get ready to get your fingers dirty. Heat all bowls enough that the resin starts to smoke before scraping. Be careful with the paperclips and bend them to get the best angle for your bowl. Keep adding the small amounts you get till you have a nice marble sized ball, let it dry a little then smoke it and be prepared to cough. Best smoked out of some sort of pipe with a screen to prevent it all from melting back into the pipe.

Anyways, hopes this helps, and remember resin smokes a LONG time and is easy to get a good deal out of even small bowls but as for your health. I’m still good after 4 years of near consistant smoking (all types) Doc says I’m in great shape. hope it works out that way for you too! Happy Tok’n!

(For liability sake, this is all hypothetical 😉

Weed res Any item or technique that makes a video game too easy, or in a competitive setting, unfair for your opponent(s). Based off the resin items from the Dark Souls franchise, avoided by